Shoulder joint replacement refers to a surgical procedure during which the damaged components of the shoulder’s ball and socket joint are removed and then replaced with prosthetic devices. It is beneficial for individuals who have been debilitated by degenerative joint disease, other forms of arthritis, or have sustained certain severe shoulder fractures. Shoulder joint replacement may be recommended in situations where conservative non-surgical therapy or other procedures have not provided relief from significant shoulder pain, stiffness, and loss of motion.
A shoulder labral tear refers to a condition in which the ring of fibrocartilage surrounding the glenoid (shoulder socket) in the scapula (shoulder blade) has been torn.
The shoulder joint is a large ball and socket joint in which the rounded head of humerus fits into the glenoid, a shallow socket in the shoulder blade. A thick band of cartilage, known as the labrum, surrounds the glenoid and deepens it to accommodate the larger head of the humerus. Firmly attached to the socket as well as several shoulder tendons and ligaments, the labrum aids in maintaining the stability of the shoulder.
The term shoulder separation refers to an injury of the ligaments that surround and stabilize the AC joint (acromioclavicular joint) at the juncture of the collarbone (clavicle) and highest point of the shoulder blade (acromion).
The rotator cuff is a group of tendons and muscles that connect the upper arm bone, the humerus, to the shoulder blade. Their function is to stabilize the shoulder and help to lift and rotate the arm. When a rotator cuff tear occurs those arm movements are limited and/or significant pain may be associated with shoulder motion.
The shoulder joint is a large ball and socket joint housing the rounded head of humerus, which fits into a shallow socket in the shoulder blade. The four muscles and their corresponding tendons that comprise the rotator cuff attach the humerus to shoulder blade (scapula) with the purpose of stabilizing and keeping the arm in the socket. The shoulder is capable of extensive motion due to the complexity of the hard and soft tissues in the joint.
A shoulder dislocation occurs when the head of the upper arm bone known as the humerus is displaced from its cup-shaped socket in the shoulder blade. Although this dislocation can occur in several directions, 95-98% of the time the shoulder dislocates anteriorly towards the front of the body.
The shoulder joint is a complex arrangement of bones and soft tissues designed to enable a wide range of arm movement as well as support such demanding actions as lifting, pulling, or pushing. The ability to move in many directions makes the shoulder the most mobile joint in the body. However, this distinction also leaves the shoulder more susceptible to dislocation.
Arthroscopy allows doctors to diagnose and/or treat many joint problems utilizing a minimally invasive surgical method. In this procedure a tiny camera, called an arthroscope, is introduced into the joint through a small incision. The video captured by the arthroscope is projected onto a viewing screen enabling the surgeon to see all of the structures in the joint in great detail. At the same time miniaturized surgical instruments to perform tasks associated with the diagnosis and repair of the joint are inserted through other incisions.
Cubital Tunnel Syndrome refers to the compression or irritation of the ulnar nerve as it crosses the inside edge of the elbow and the neurological symptoms that accompany it. Also known as ulnar nerve entrapment at the elbow, it can result in pain, swelling, weakness or clumsiness of the hand, and tingling or numbness of the ring and small fingers. Additionally, there may be pain and numbness on the inside of the elbow, the “funny bone” area.
Lateral epicondylitis is commonly referred to as tennis elbow. It is a painful condition that develops when the tendons that attach the forearm muscles to the outer bony prominence of the elbow, the lateral epicondyle, become irritated and damaged. This condition is typically the result of overuse of the muscles that extend the wrist.
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